Log houses have long been promoted from being summer houses to full-fledged all-year-round houses . Each year, you can observe a significant increase in their popularity. All because wooden buildings are relatively inexpensive to build, they are built extremely quickly and are simply very nice. However, there is a list of things every investor should know before making a final decision to go ahead with a venture. Where did the fashion for living in log houses come from ? Is this solution permanent? How are wooden buildings different from brick ones? These are just a few of the many questions that people considering an investment of this type are looking for answers to.
Wooden houses – Pros of their construction
In Poland, wooden log houses can be found most often in Podlasie, Suwałki Region and in the mountains. There is a reason why this solution is associated mainly with highlander huts. It is not difficult to notice that the architecture in Zakopane is significantly different from that in Warsaw or Wrocław. All due to the fact that in the above-mentioned regions of our country, traditional construction is preferred. Although many consider them obsolete, it is difficult to find a better solution.
Log houses are also a very ecological and energy-saving proposition. The inhabitants of the northern part of Europe have been using its advantages for years. Almost all of Scandinavia is dotted with wooden buildings that beautifully combine tradition and modernity. Designers liked wood very much because it gives a great deal of freedom. Many believe that the use of this material is limited only by the imagination of the architect.
The differences between log and brick houses
The biggest difference in the construction of brick and wooden buildings is that log houses hardly require any “wet” work. Thanks to this, a project of this type can be started practically at any time of the year. The only “wet” actions when building log houses are to pour their foundations and possibly concrete under the floor. However, you can only limit yourself to the foundations and decide on the arrangement of the parquet. This will significantly reduce the construction time and allow work even in frost.
Another advantage of the construction of the house that log , the time necessary to implement this project. While brick buildings sometimes take several years to complete, wooden buildings can take up to three months. However, this does not mean that they are less durable than the brick option. On the contrary, their above-average durability leaves no doubt. When deciding to erect a wooden building, the manufacturer delivers all the necessary elements to the construction site. The skeleton of a log house is being built at an express pace. The most experienced teams take 2-3 weeks.
What is used to build log houses?
As the name of these buildings suggests, their main building material is logs. There are several types of these materials. It may be surprising to many that “logs” do not always mean round timber. You can choose from:
- full logs, otherwise known as traditional. These are examples of solid wood with a cross-section on both sides, round, rectangular or classic;
- layered logs, i.e. consisting of wooden cladding and filled with polyurethane foam, polystyrene or mineral wool. This solution enables the creation of good thermal insulation conditions for the building;
- glued logs, the construction of which consists of many pieces of wood glued together.
Log houses are built of dry or wet wood. Pines, spruces and firs are most often used. Less commonly, larches and deciduous trees, such as oak and ash. Building with dry wood eliminates the problem of building sag, but exposes it to the premature appearance of unwanted cracks.
The situation is different in the case of building real properties from fresh logs. Such wood will dry out only after the completion of construction work. Due to the fact that it will shrink as a result of drying out, the entire structure is exposed to the so-called subsidence. Fortunately, this situation is not at all problematic. Today’s construction techniques make it possible to effectively avoid the negative effects of subsidence.
By making small cuts along the log, most of the stress in the wood is eliminated. In this way, the negative effects of shrinkage during drying are eliminated. Reducing the mentioned tension has a positive effect on the overall structure. It is also necessary to ensure the safety of partitions, windows and doors in the house. It should be remembered that during the drying process, the house may drop as much as 15 cm. The assembly of the above-mentioned elements should anticipate the effects of this phenomenon and eliminate the possibility of their damage during it.
Log houses attract more and more interest from the public. Their number in Poland increases every year. Poles appreciate this solution for many reasons, and many of them say that it is better than the option of building a brick house.